HomeRoyal Botanical Garden - Peradeniya

Royal Botanical Garden, Peradeniya is situated about 5.5 km to the west from the city of Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. More than 4000 species of plants, including of orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees are available in this botanical garden. It is renowned for its collection of a variety of orchids. The total area of the botanical garden is 147 acres (0.59 km2), at 460 meters above sea level, and with a 200-day annual rainfall. It is managed by the Division of National Botanic Gardens of the Department of Agriculture in Sri Lanka.

The origins of the Botanic Gardens date as far back as 1371 when King Wickramabahu III ascended the throne and kept court at Peradeniya near Mahaweli River. This was followed by King Kirti Sri and King Rajadhi Rajasinghe. A temple was built on this location by King Wimala Dharma, but it was destroyed by the British when they were given control over the Kingdom of Kandy. Thereafter, the groundwork for a botanical garden was formed by Alexandar Moon in 1821. The Botanical Garden at Peradeniya was formally established in 1843. The Royal Botanic Garden, Peradeniya was made more independent and expanded under George Gardner as the Superintendent in 1844. On his death in 1849 George Henry Kendrick Thwaites became superintendent. He served until 1879, when he was succeeded by Henry Trimen, who served until 1895. The Garden came under the administration of the Department of Agriculture when it was established in 1912.

The classical Avenue of Palms is located in this Garden. One tree with a significant history is the Cannonball Tree planted by King George V of the United Kingdom and Queen Mary in 1901. The tree is bent with its fruits, which look like cannonballs. During the Second World War, the Botanical Garden was used by Lord Louis Mountbatten, the supreme commander of the allied forces in the South Asia, as the headquarters of the South East Asia Command.

Today the botanic garden does the floriculture conservation, butterfly conservation, birdlife conservation, insect conservation, biodiversity of Sri Lanka. Annually, over two million of natural lovers including many small children come to the garden, and they see the glory of the Royal Botanical garden with many pleasures. In addition to that over 5% many people visit the garden to take photos of this marvelous natural environment and they experience the bio diversity of Peradeniya botanical garden. Also they love hiking watching birds, butterflies, colorful flowers and feel the comfort of the cool environment. As the garden has an amazing collection of medicinal plants and memorial plants, many students and the visitors who are interested visit here and get the knowledge of those valuable plants. The visitors are given the facility to take booklets, verbal notes from the garden office.